Updating antique ice box
The makers said their distinctive model was: …rolled steel, galvanized and beautifully enameled…nothing to swell, warp or shrink…no corners to dig out, no shelter for germs…absolutely wholesome…circulation of air so scientifically directed…there can be no moisture from the ice in the food chamber The first White Frosts were made in Jackson, Michigan even before a full patent was granted in 1906.
The president of the company making them was Hugh L. Boeck patented various stove designs and other inventions too.
A large block of ice was held in a tray or compartment near the top of the box. Most municipally consumed ice was harvested in winter from snow-packed areas or frozen lakes, stored in ice houses, and delivered domestically as iceboxes became more common.
Cold air circulated down and around storage compartments in the lower section. The model is made out as a fine piece of oak furniture with tin or zinc shelving and door lining. An oak cabinet icebox that would be found in well-to-do homes. In 1907 survey of expenditures of New York City inhabitants, 81% of the families surveyed were found to possess "refrigerators" either in the form of ice stored in a tub or iceboxes.
White Frosts were sold through dealers in many different states, and were also available by mail order from Mechanic Street in Jackson.
Smith, a hardware entrepreneur and director of at least 2 other businesses. His 1906 refrigerator patent describes him as assignor to the Jackson Metal Stamping Co.
In the next few years he patented some improvements to the icebox.
Some finer models had spigots for draining ice water from a catch pan or holding tank. With metropolitan growth, many sources of natural ice became contaminated from industrial pollution or sewer runoff.
In cheaper models a drip pan was placed under the box and had to be emptied at least daily. As early mechanical refrigerators became available, they were installed as large industrial plants producing ice for home delivery.